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Black Elderberry

A Partnership Between
Native trees and shrubs provide food and natural habitats for local wildlife and help reduce soil erosion, without invading our landscape. Consider planting this species, which is indigenous to the southeastern United States.
Tree / Shrub Type

Black Elderberry

Sambucus canadensis

A somewhat sprawling shrub with tiny lemon-scented white flowers that appear in large clusters in June. Flowers give way to clusters of black elderberry fruits in late summer that are attractive to wildlife. Fruits are sometimes used to make jams, jellies, pie fillings and elderberry wine.

  • Dimensions: 5-12 feet tall, 5-12 feet wide
  • Water Use: Medium to wet
  • Light Requirement: Full shade to partial sun
  • Soil Moisture: Medium to moist soil
  • Ornamental Use: Shrub borders, screens, backgrounds, stream/pond peripheries or low spots. Good sprawling hedge.
  • Wildlife: Beautiful flowers and interesting fruits attract birds and butterflies.

Details: Black Elderberry

Mature Size

H: 5'-12' W: 5'-12'

Water Requirements

Medium / Wet

Light Requirements

Full Shade / Partial Sun

Soil Moisture

Medium / Moist


Flowers / Berries

Wildlife Value

Attracts / Food