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A Partnership Between
Native trees and shrubs provide food and natural habitats for local wildlife and help reduce soil erosion, without invading our landscape. Consider planting this species, which is indigenous to the southeastern United States.
Tree / Shrub Type


Lindera benzoin

Usually found in rich forests, dry forests on slopes and swamps. The leaves produce a spicy odor when crushed. The bark is brown to gray-brown and speckled with light-colored lenticels. In early spring, small, yellow flowers mature in axillary clusters. The shrub produces a bright red fruit with a peppery taste and scent.

  • Dimensions: 8-15 feet tall, 6-15 feet wide
  • Water Use: Medium
  • Light Requirement: Partial shade to full sun
  • Soil Moisture: Medium to moist soil
  • Ornamental Use: Perfect for a butterfly or pollinator garden as a hedge, especially in a woodland area.
  • Wildlife: A host plant for the Spicebush Swallowtail butterfly. Fruits are eaten by songbirds. White-tailed deer will browse twigs and leaves.

Details: Spicebush

Mature Size

H: 8'-15' W: 6'-15'

Water Requirements


Light Requirements

Partial Shade / Full Sun

Soil Moisture

Medium / Moist


Flowers / Fruits

Wildlife Value

Hosts / Food